Involuntary urination is a normal part of early child development but may be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI) if it continues beyond age seven and can often be effectively treated by a urologist.
Bed wetting (nocturnal enuresis) is common among young children and may be accompanied by daytime enuresis. If this condition persists with age it may indicate a UTI, structural problems in the urinary tract or nerve problems.
UTI is a common bacterial infection, with research showing that it may present in up to eight percent of all children. A study suggested that more vigorous urine sampling to identify the problem and prompt treatment may prevent long-term complications.
UTI’s may either be caused by bacteria or a more serious problem in the urinary system with the most common types being bladder and kidney infections. Common symptoms include pain, an urgency to urinate, blood in the urine, fever and vomiting.
Meanwhile, research shows that about 15% of children still wet the bed at age five. However, this should decrease with age. If this is not the case, or if children experience pain urinating, parents should take them to a urologist immediately, said Dr Preena Sivsankar from The Urology Hospital, Pretoria.
She said apart from a UTI, there may be other causes of involuntary urination.
For instance, insufficient bladder control, genetics, a neurological problem or a hormonal imbalance. These all highlight the importance of consulting a urologist.
In addition, Dr Sivsankar suggested the following steps to strive for a healthy urinary system:
- Always empty the bladder.
- Proper cleaning is essential after urinating.
- Drink water to stay hydrated and to flush out toxins in the bladder.
- Wear cotton underwear that breathe and do not hold moisture against the skin.
Dr Sivsankar said The Urology Hospital was the only specialist institution of its kind in Africa. They offer unmatched expertise in urology and utilise the latest technology to diagnose and treat all urological conditions. She urged parents to contact the hospital if they suspected their child had bladder problems.
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About The Urology Hospital, Pretoria
The Urology Hospital, Pretoria, is the only urology centre of excellence in Africa. With more than 20 urologists under one roof, using the latest in highly specialised technology as well as specialised urology trained nursing staff, it offers unparalleled expertise in its field. In addition, the hospital maintains its association with the academic world to ensure ongoing research, medical education and training and development in the field of urology.
The hospital prides itself on being at the forefront of technology. It was the first hospital in South Africa to perform robotic surgery. They implement a robotic pharmacy picking system. They also have one of only a handful of 3D laparoscopic surgical units in South Africa. The hospital has undergone major renovations and now offers 127 beds and seven theatres.
The Urology Hospital not only cares about patients and staff, but also for the community. They undertake numerous Corporate Social Investment initiatives throughout the year. In fact, the hospital and staff work together to assist selected charities. This includes donations to The Clothing Bank, uniforms for Sunnyside Primary School and stationery for Balebogeng Primary School.